Sep 27, 2010

A moment in lit. history

Paris, 1953:

The Paris Review interviews its first author, E.M. Forster, inaugurating its "alternative to criticism," in a series that developed and popularized a form of discourse giving authors ultimate authority to pronounce on (and foreclose) the meaning of their texts.

Roland Barthes publishes his first book, Le Degré zéro de l’écriture, "examin[ing] the arbitrariness of the constructs of language" (according to the Encyclopedia Britannica), beginning a career that developed and popularized the school of thought that pronounced authors dead, i.e., unable to authoritatively foreclose the meaning of their texts.